TUNISIA

The beauty and desert oases.

Tunisia is one of the smallest countries in North Africa, but its strategic position has made it the setting for important chapters in the history. Phoenicians, romans, Vandals, bizantins, Arab, Ottomans and French have tried to conquer their land and dominarles in different periods of history.

This time we traveled to Hammamet, a seaside resort in the south of the capital Tunis, where accommodation is cheap. Do not believe that we were just lying on the beach, but as is usual in our travels, Lorraine and I we decided to explore the area alkylating a car with driver / guide. Another possibility is the Yacht driverless vehicles. This option is not recommended for tourists in Tunisia since the roads do not meet estándars Europe. The mediocre senyalització, is very easy to get lost in some areas and there is a lot of hustle van, cars and motorcycles. No hi ha a large “culture” automovilística and is very easy to find in an accident. Amb Wherefore, we agreed a price with a local driver every day while we had a guide and explained the customs of the country. We share transportation with a fantastic couple we met there, of Roger i Lola.

The first day we enjoyed the beach and we explored the center of Hammamet and its fortifications. We also move into the center of Nabeul bus to see craft shops.

The next day we decided to go to the capital Tunis, Cartago i Sidi Bou Said:

- Tunis: Compared to the capitals of other countries, no resulta molt més gran que la resta de les ciutats del país. The center is easy to get around the capital as the most beautiful places of interest are within the medina and the "ville nouvelle", the part new. The main attraction of the city lies the old medina, which leads to the monumental Gate of the Sea (o de Francia). In the Medina mosque is Az-Zituna and around, a crowd of streets covered souks, grouped by guilds, cafes filled with antique flavor.
- Cartago: was founded by the Phoenicians. Instead of keeping it with the splendor and glory it had in antiquity, the Romans demolished and its ruins are the only one who can visit today's.
- Sidi Bou Said: is a coastal town located i about 20 km from the city of Tunis. El nom del poble significaEl Senyor aquell que”. Desde 1920, the town stands by law that requires all residents of the town to paint and maintain their houses white, menys les portes, finestre i reixes que han de ser de color blau clar.

The other days we undertook a tour to the south of the country through: Sousse, Kairouan, El Jem, Tamerza, Chebika, Matmata, Tozeur, Chott El Djerid i Douz.

- Kairouan: The holiest Muslim city in Africa and the fourth in the world after Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem, i is set to 57 the oest km from Sousse. For believers, September traveled to Kairouan equals one visit to Mecca. The walls date back to 1052, the Medina (old Muslim district) has numerous mosques and towers, and bustling shops and cafes. Hi ha una gran varietat de souks (mercats) on ofereixen alfombres, tapets i artícles de pell que fan famosa a la ciutat. Altres llocs d’interès son la Gran Mesquita, ninth century (the oldest in Africa), the mausoleum of Sidi Sahbi and splendid Zawia (itself) House Abid Ghariani, thirteenth century.
- Anfiteatre Rome El Jem: This huge construction begins before you get surprised, doncs es divisa a varis kilòmetres de la ciutat. Hi ha pocs monuments tan impresionants como aquest, de similars dimensions al de Roma. La seva estructura, en excel·lent estat de conservació, rises superiority on small houses in the town, forming a striking contrast. The Coliseum was completed in 238dC and currently has a capacity 30,000 people, surpassing the total population of the city. In summer, es celebren concerts i altras esdeveniments culturals. Cuando no està en ús, it is possible to climb higher in the stands and watch the surrounding arid paissatje. You can also explore two gladiators parading through underground pasadissos, lions and prisoners sent to certain death on the sand. This monument, one of the most valuable of the African Rome, is a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
- Tamerza: a balcony hanging over the Sahara desert and mountain oasis greatest Tunisia. Its main attraction is 2 Km before the village; the road descends through a landscape of mountains and red rock ridges, entre barrancs profundses troba el canyó de Tamerza. A path filled with souvenir stalls leads to the “large waterfall”, water which comes from the river Khang. The truth is that this name, imagine that a much larger waterfall, but has only 10 meters. Least, is a merit find a waterfall in the desert and the landscape so inhospitable… Here are some scenes filmed in the movie “El Paciente Inglés”, així com pel·lícules bíbliques.
- Chebika: es tracta d’un altre oasi de muntanya. The best way to explore Chebika and your palm is up on the rocky path that leads to the ruins of the ancient city, on es poden contemplar unes magnífiques vistes de la serralada del Baix Atlas, que forma un canyó de 150 metres d’alçada amb el palmeral als seus peus. Desprès es baixa per unes escales excavades en la roca, fins a un bonic barranquet. Walking the trail reaches a small waterfall that feeds a spring.
- Matmata: Son especialment característiques de la ciutat les anomenadesCases Troglodites”. Aquestes són cases construïdes excavades en la muntanya, on es buidava el centre per a crear un interessant pati; les habitacions comuniquen i ventien a aquest pati central i apenes son visibles desde l’exterior. Com avantatges: eren fàcilment defensables i protegíen del fred de l’hivern i de la calor a l’estiu. El principal problema és que en cas de grans plujes, l’aigua no s’evacua bé i la muntanya es pot derrumbar fàcilment, donat que no és rocosa sinó formada por arenes. Les cases tenen diverses habitacions, cuina, bany i tot el necessari, pero ja no estàn habitades per necessitat; únicament unes 50 famílies viuen allí per a cobrar per les visites.
Es un importante reclam turístic i existeixen en la zona diversos hotels; uno de ells (el hotel Sidi Diris) fou utilitzat per a rodar algunes escenes de la Guerra de les Galaxies de George Lucas.
- Tozeur: és l’oasi per excel·Excellence in Tunisia with a palm 200.000 copies all surrounded by Sahara. The Gardens of Paradise are of relevance attraction in the city. Un verdader oasis de peculiars plantes que tan sols poden creixer en un hàbitat tan extrany com el desert. Importants regs artificials i naturales fan que aquest maravellòs jardí sigui únic al món.
- Chott El Djerid: The road from Tozeur to Kebili, in southwestern Tunisia, cross a huge salt lake called Chott El Djerid. És un viatje espectacular a través d’una única carretera rodejada per un mar de sal que s’extès fins a l’infinit. Djerid és el llac de sal més gran de tota Àfrica.
- Douz: és la porta del Sàhara. Duz o Douz, significa el turó verd, and is the last oasis before endirsar in Sahara. Reached by road, leaving the salt lake Chott el Djerid, on és tot blanc, i de repent apareixen més de 150.000 palmeres que donen la benvinguda. Pel costat les dunes, la arena, la inmensitat del desert marró i groc, sprinkled camels lying, in row, walking, or waiting for some groups of tourists Mount, Dresses Saharan, per a adentrarse un poc dins del Sáhara.

L’ultim dia ens vam desplaçar fins a Port El Kantaui per visitar el centre i els comerços d’artesans.